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蒙台梭利简介

蒙台梭利简介

玛丽亚·蒙台梭利是20世纪享誉全球的幼儿教育家。她所创立的、独特的幼儿教育方法,风靡了整个西方世界,深刻地影响着世界各国,特别是欧美发达国家的教育水平和社会发展。

蒙台梭利教育法的特点在于十分重视儿童的早期教育,她为此从事了半个多世纪的教育实验与研究;

她的教育方法——从智力训练、感觉训练到运动训练,从尊重自由到建立意志,从平民教育到贵族教育,为西方工业化社会的持续发展,提供了几代优秀的人才基础。

《西方教育史》称她是”20世纪赢得欧洲和世界承认的最伟大的科学与进步的教育家。

”为表彰蒙台梭利对于幼儿教育和世界和平的特殊贡献。1950年她被提名为“诺贝尔和平奖”候选人,联合国教科文组织总干事贾米·托里斯·博佳曾经热烈地宣布:“玛丽亚·蒙台梭利已经成为我们期望教育和世界和平的伟大象征。”

蒙台梭利出生于意大利安科纳省的希亚拉瓦莱镇。是意大利历史上第一位学医的女性和第一位女医学博士。

1907年蒙台梭利在罗马贫民区建立“儿童之家”。招收3—6岁的儿童加以教育,她运用自己独创的方法进行教学,结果出现了惊人的效果:那些“普通的、贫寒的”儿童,几年后,心智发生了巨大的转变,被培养成了一个个聪明自信、有教养的、生机勃勃的少年英才;蒙台梭利崭新的、具有巨大教育魅力的教学方法,轰动了整个欧洲,“关于这些奇妙儿童的报道,像野火一样迅速蔓延”。人们仿照蒙台梭利的模式建立了许多新的“儿童之家”。

1909年,蒙台梭利写成了《运用于儿童之家的科学教育方法》一书,1912年这部著作在美国出版,同时很快被译成20多种文字在世界各地流传;100多个国家引进了蒙台梭利的方法,欧洲、美国还出现了蒙台梭利运动,1913年–1915年,蒙台梭利学校已遍布世界各大洲。到四十年代,仅仅美国就有2000多所。蒙台梭利在世界范围内引起了一场幼儿教育的革命。

如何戎奶嘴?

如何戎奶嘴?

“我儿子用了很多方法都戒不掉奶嘴,涂辣椒在奶嘴,剪掉,丢掉都不行,晚上一直哭闹……怎么办?”

请参考Melody Fm 与 翠玲(Chui Ling)和林震前(Jentzen)的对谈。

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1sLx4ZigAUa2m6HDvAq-CE1KejzkSaXjK/view?usp=sharing

MELODY FM的制片人Jean 邀约,与翠玲(Chui Ling)和林震前(Jentzen)谈:如何帮助一岁半至三岁的孩子戒奶嘴,以下是我的分享。

婴幼儿期,为了安抚孩子及满足其口腔期,帮助孩子渡过其焦虑却有口难言阶段,爸爸妈妈介绍奶嘴给小宝宝,让他们渡过成长的一小階段,待稍微长大后,孩子口语能力较强,表达比较清楚。可以透过口语表达自己的情绪时,这个小帮手就可以退位了!

網上及老人家有好多方法, 比較激進是搽辣椒油或白花油在奶嘴上,但我都不建议使用,因为这样会摧毁孩子的信任感。

我建议让孩子合情合理的过渡。

1)提前让孩子有心理准备。

观察孩子的发展进程,若小朋友心理上准备好,就告诉孩子:“你已经长大了,不需要再靠奶嘴了,而且继续再吸奶嘴,将会影响牙齿的发展。牙齿也不能整齐地长好……”

2)爸妈得有三天至一周的心里准备去坚持!陪小朋友走过这个挑战。

-重复告诉小朋友已经长大。

-不让小朋友看到奶嘴

-转移注意力。

终极絕招是父母的坚持!

别担心小朋友哭!

只要耐心地对小朋友晓以大意,终究将渡过难关!

需了解小朋友总是要試大人底線, 不忍心或者受不了小朋友哭闹的家长,最终都放弃甚至使用激烈的手段,但这样将会伤害孩子的心理发展。

若想小朋友提早獨立, 建议父母忍下心。

若试成功后,第二日与小朋友谈,必得肯定孩子的努力!

请务必再做一个动作,让小朋友自己親手丢掉奶嘴进垃圾桶!当这个仪式完成之后,就可以堂而皇之地告诉小朋友,奶嘴已经髒了,不能再吃了,吃了会生病。

记得一定要小朋友親手丢掉奶嘴, 因為当小朋友如果想再要求奶嘴時, 一再提醒:”是你自己丢的,己经跟奶嘴说BYE BYE啦!不能反悔哟!”

“而且你前一晚不再吸奶嘴了!今晚也应该不需要了!GOOD NIGHT ^^,妈妈讲故事给你听!”

祝福大家,顺便过度。

Y2018                               Tadika Sri Puncak            Mini Election

Y2018 Tadika Sri Puncak Mini Election

❤️ A reflection of recent GE14 election… This is probably the first time ever, so many Malaysians cared so much for the election in our country’s history. And this is also the first time ever, our young kindergarten children learned and talked about politics (at their understanding level).

I’m making a memory collection of interesting remarks by our lovely students.

🍀Why flags are put up everywhere? What’s the purpose of these flags?

🍀What are the differences between the (political parties) flags?

🍀I’m also a Malaysian like you (teacher)! Why can’t I cast my vote? Only adults can cast a vote?

Teacher’s explanation: The legal age to cast a vote as a Malaysian citizen is 21 years old. You can then follow your thoughts to choose your preferred political party. Do remember to register to be a voter once you turn 21 ya.

🍀My daddy is going to vote for “Blue Eyed” party, we need to choose a better government for better future.

🍀My mom is going to vote for the “Blue Balance” party. Let’s give them a chance to fix our problems and continue to make Malaysia a great country.

🎈Civic Education 101: Election Course Design

Riding on the post GE14 election fever, the TSP teachers designed a simple Civic Education to teach the concept of election to our students. This program aims to give our children a real voter experience to understand how an election works. Teachers explain the importance of every single vote and the vote-casting procedures.

🎈The Practice

Children were trained to draw a proper cross in the given box on the voting sheet. They were asked to practice the cross drawing at home with parents. Some children practiced a few times and got nervous!

During the preliminary selection, some children were happy some were not. There was a little girl told me that “I know many people selected me, but more people chose Vincy, so I cannot be a final contestant, but Ms Sophie did you know that I also voted for Vincy? Because she has helped me many times”

🍀”I practiced for so many times, I’m not shy anymore, everyone is cheering for me so I’m really happy”

🍀I asked one of the young children, who did she vote as a contestant?

She secretly told me that it’s a secret, so she can’t tell me. This really left me speechless.

🍀”Oh my goodness, election only happen every 5 years? I’d be going to primary school by then.”

🍀When the preliminary selection was over, a little girl found out that her friend did not vote for her. She told her friend that, did you know that I can also be helpful like our friend, please vote for me on the actual day ya!

🎈The Election: Helpful Leader of TSP

Classroom was decorated like a polling station. Children were asked to follow instruction to line up, cast their vote to choose their leader.

🍀A little girl approached me nervously and said “What shall I do? I’m sweating, is my hair messy?” I asked her to drink some water and calm down, and wiped off her sweat, and told her to stay calm. This shows how serious this little girl is.

🍀As the result was announced, only one leader was chosen. I noticed that some final contestants were disappointed. So I changed my strategy to invite all contestants to join me on the stage, and explained the purpose of this exercise and most importantly, a lesson on “Be helpful”. I hope that all TSP children can play their part to create and maintain a good learning environment and always be helpful to others, to make a more loving society.

🎈Post Election: Feedback from Parents

🍀A little boy was not selected as the leader, he was optimistic to tell his mother that it’s okay not to win the election, he could support the leader Sophia.

🍀Children showed their inked (with inai) finger to their family that they participated in an election.

🍀Children gave parents a lesson on how to draw a proper cross, such as “the cross cannot be too big or too small, it has to be just right”

🍀Generally, they understand that the election was meant to identify a “Helpful” role model, that can show examples and lead other children to make TSP a loving community.

🍀”I voted for Koh Xuen as she is my best friend and always help me, she’s very beautiful too!”

🍀”Our new leader is Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, old leader is Najib.” If a leader cannot perform, he/she will then be replaced.

🍀”Now I realised the importance of language. Apart from mandarin, English and Bahasa, how do I say thank you in Cantonese?”

🌈In summary, more work need to be done to help children below the age of 5 to understand the purpose of this exercise. Like a popular saying, people need to be told more than 7 times to understand and remember a new learning, we will do our best to help the children to build their basic civic education understanding.

🎈Afterthoughts

🍀Give children a platform to take part in a procedural exercise. Hopefully through this exercise, they understand the importance of “one person, one vote”.

🍀Re-emphasize the purpose and meaning of respecting national anthems and other patriotic songs like Setia, Jalur Gemilang.

🍀Introduce national leaders: Sultan, Prime Minister & a few key Cabinet members.

🌈A key message to the children is that we should think and act with positive intent to choose a strong leadership team to make Malaysia a better nation.

Y2018

Tadika Sri Puncak

Mini Election

🎈缘起

第14届大选让全国国民都动员起来!

且看幼儿园小朋友模拟参政与论政。

相信大部分的爸爸妈妈应该第一次那么关心囯家大事!尤其是大选前后几天,大家心情起伏不定、忐忑不安。

接下来连续三天大选假期,也高潮迭起,举国上下都有一个共同的目标:关心国事!其中包括我们的小朋友!

别小看幼儿园或是小学生,他们顺应着周围环境,也在热烈地参与且论政:

点点滴滴包括:

🍀“为什么到处都需要挂国旗呀?有用吗?”

🍀“不同颜色和形状代表什么?”

🍀“老师是马来西亚人,我也是!为什么我不能投票?一定要等我长大?”

(老师得跟他解释:21岁才是合法的成人,成熟的为自己的想法负责,并投下神圣的一票!并请他在21岁时,记得去登记成为合格的选民。)

🍀“爸爸要投蓝眼睛换政府了!我们要选出更好地政府,好好地管理我们的国家。”

🍀“我的妈妈要投蓝色的天秤。给他们机会,他们会改过,并继续稳定的管理我们的国家。“

🎈课程设计

谢谢老师们在将近的年中评估期间,抽出时间来穿插与设计这段公民课。

短短几天内准备课程及各班协调。

🍀让小朋友用最容易、简单的方式,透过自己亲身体验去掌握“投票”这个抽象的概念、明白选举的普通常识。

🍀为什么每一票都那么重要!

🍀进入投票站,应肃静。

🎈排练:

🍀小朋友练习画叉在方格内,回家也认真地与爸爸妈妈解释,“应该这样画叉才对。”否则这张票不能用!”

🍀小朋友经过好几次採排练习演讲词,甚至紧张得冒冷汗!

🍀在班上初选时,有人欢喜有人愁,落选者甚至失望地与我聊天,说:“我知道很多人举手选我,但我的所得票没有Vincy 多,所以我不能当候选人,但Ms Sophie 你知道吗?我自己也选了Vincy,因为她也曾帮助我!”

🍀“我练习了好多次,也不再害羞了,而且当我讲完,小朋友们都在拍手!我很开心“

🍀我问其中一位小朋友,“请问你投了谁当候选人?“

小女孩神秘兮兮地告诉我:“这是秘密,我不能告诉你哟!”再转身离开!留下呆呆的我!

🍀“只能五年投票一次,那个时候我已经上小学了。“

🍀班上初选完毕,小女孩发现其中一个朋友没有投选她,私下去游说。“你知道吗?我也能像某某小朋友一样,可以帮你及更多小朋友!投票当天,记得选我哟!”

🎈模擬投票当天

🍀小朋友紧张地找我,说“怎么办?我一直在流汗,头发有没有乱?”我让她先喝一口水,再用纸巾帮她擦额头如水珠般大的汗水!😓,劝她不用太紧张,她这才安心地坐下。(可见她如见大宾般的在乎!)

🍀小朋友井然有序地排队,一人一票地印证民主选举。

🍀当选举结果出来之后,只有一个候选人高票当选。我观察到其他孩子眼神显现当下的失落。

顿时决定邀请班上所有六岁的小朋友都到台上去,告诉孩子们,帮助别人,照顾小环境人人有责,希望孩子们班上同心协力,共同营造良好的学习环境,让更多人受惠。

🎈选后

爸爸妈妈回馈

🍀小朋友落选了,在家里有没有伤心?小朋友回应:“输了也没关系,我可以帮忙当选的Sophia! ”

其中一位妈妈预先做了功课,提早向小朋友解释,如果输了该怎么办?所以小朋友们也有了心理准备。

🍀回到家马上展示给爸爸妈妈看他们的手指,骄傲的说:“我也有投票,老师说,手指过几天就干淨了!”

🍀小朋友回家认真地给爸爸妈妈上课,解释为什么不能画出格子!

🍀讨论“打叉不可以太大,不可以太小,要刚刚好。“甚至画出来给爸爸妈妈看。

🍀“我们将选出最能在教室里帮忙小朋友的领袖,照顾学校环境的领导人。“

🍀“我选Koh Xuen是因为她是我的好朋友,她总是帮助我,我也觉得她很漂亮。”

🍀“我们国家的新领导人是Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad ,旧首相是Najib,”(爸爸妈妈说:“他们甚至能唸出一长串连我也不知道的马哈迪全名。”)

🍀“做得不好,就会被换掉!”

🍀”语文竞然那么重要!除了华语、英语及马来语,广东话怎么说谢谢呢?“(不错哟,激发了孩子的好奇心及内在学习的能力。)

🍀整体而言,小朋友是开心的,回去也会喋喋不休地跟爸爸妈妈分享他知道的点点滴滴。

🌈总结而言,五岁以下小孩大部分都似懂非懂。

但这又有什么关系呢,我们只要合理的重复8次以上,慢慢地建构他们的公民意识即可。

🎈延续公民课程

🍀让孩子参与程序性的工作,对孩子建构完整概念很重要,在这次小朋友的竞选过程中。希望能在他们的心目,建构一人一票的重要性。

🍀在接触的过程中,他们可以从点点滴滴中累积一些具体的形象。

🍀重申唱国歌肃立的重要性。

🍀教唱Setia, Julur Gemilang 等歌曲。

🍀介绍数位前任首相。

🍀介绍最高元首及苏丹。

🌈公民教育的重点应该告诉小朋友:

-你好,我好,大家好!

如果你做了之后带给人家不方便,你的要重新再做一次。

希望能多一点为别人着想。

#TadikaSriPuncak#preschool#earlychildhoodeducation#educationinmalaysia#sophielee#kajang#countryheights#TSP_Blog

【第2届幼儿教育国际研讨会新闻发布会 & 幼儿园合作协议签署 & KSPK讲座】

【第2届幼儿教育国际研讨会新闻发布会 & 幼儿园合作协议签署 & KSPK讲座】

2018年5月16曰,绿野与绿茵蒙特梭利教育学校与新纪元大学学院幼教系联合雪兰莪区,共计17所幼儿园教育单位,签订友好合作协议。

当天,大学部特邀马来西亚教育部课程司,学前教育处 何丽兰助理局长主讲了马来西亚最新幼教课程纲要“KSPK”。这可说是我曾听过最详细且多元活潑的幼教课程纲要。

这些年来,乐见新纪元大学学院茁壯成长。

回雇自2010年第一届幼教系成立至今,学生人数不断增加,

我也不觉当兼职讲师陪了好几年。

在2012年,本校也很荣幸被新纪元学院委任为幼儿教育系的业界顾问!

欣赏系主任淑慧及團队们汲汲营营地一路走来,用心经营、努力开拓、创造机会……营建一个可以让更多人参与的平台!

十年树木,百年树人之功,皆始于足下,这条漫长的路,让每一小段的经历都风景如画、也让每一个参与的人都竭尽全力地配合。

祝福下一段旅程康莊。

Tackling tantrums              面对崩溃哭闹的宝宝,            如何安抚却不妥协?

Tackling tantrums 面对崩溃哭闹的宝宝, 如何安抚却不妥协?

If you haven’t experienced one, you will have witnessed one. A child having a temper tantrum can challenge even the calmest of parents. Things can be fine one minute and the next it appears that an unknown being has inhabited your child. Knowing what to do can be the difference between you throwing one yourself and it being a growing experience.

What a tantrum IS

• Loss of control of feelings

• Inability to express a problem in words

• Lack of problem-solving skills

• Normal stage in child development

What a tantrum IS NOT

• A deliberate attempt to make your life hell

• Deliberately designed to embarrass you in public

Why do children have tantrums?

Because they work! Giving in to tantrums means your child learns that the best way to get what they want is to have a tantrum – this will just make tantrums occur more often and for longer periods of time.

Tips for cutting down tantrums

1. Set appropriate boundaries and limits – make it clear to your child what behaviours are expected.

2. Consistency

3. Predictability

4. Routine

5. Avoid negative words – constantly saying “no” will add to your child’s frustration. Instead use phrases like “later”, or “after lunch”.

6. Help children ask for what they need by putting it into words. For example “Mum, can I please have …..”

7. Offer realistic choices by being prepared to follow through on your child’s choice.

8. Use positive parenting – give plenty of praise and attention for helpful and appropriate behaviour you want to keep seeing from your child, for example “Well done Tommy, it’s great when you use your manners”.

Learning how to tackle tantrums is an invaluable tool that will prevent you from feeling like you want to tear your hair out.

How much easier would life be if you felt more confident managing tantrums?

Kindly refer :

Temper Tantrums

安潇经历了好几年的折磨,才总结出来这一套应对尖叫崩溃的高需求宝宝的行为方式,用这个方法她安抚了孩子,保护了自己的情绪,又坚持了原则不妥协。

以下九大步骤是小小总结

1. 想办法预期到可能引起情绪的情景,提前准备,尽量避免

2. 不因为孩子尖叫哭喊就

改变原则

3. 不因为孩子崩溃哭喊就怒吼训斥

4. 不在孩子崩溃哭泣的时候和她讲道理

5. 不因为孩子哭闹而抛弃孩子走开

6. 给孩子合理的、有安抚感的选项,但接受孩子的拒绝。

7. 孩子拒绝了选项以后,就不再互动,进入“静止人”模式

8. 在孩子给出合理指令时,立刻执行

9. 在孩子完全快乐起来之后,再一起回忆和讲道理

总结一下这个行为的过程:

1. 事先预想到孩子可能崩溃的情景,提前准备、尽量避免。

2. 清楚地告诉孩子,不合理的要求不能执行。

3. 孩子发怒崩溃哭喊的时候,不对孩子怒吼、不走开、不说理。

4. 平静地给孩子一些合理的、又具有安抚感的选项。

5. 孩子拒绝选项以后,想办法抽离自己的情绪,不说话不互动,进入“静止人”状态,只安静等待,脑子里想一些别的能让自己平静的事。

6. 当孩子接受合理选项、或者自己提出新的合理要求时,爸妈立刻去执行,以此让孩子得到安慰。

7. 孩子刚刚平静时,不要立即回顾事件。当情绪完全恢复之后,再用语言回顾整件事,讲道理、让孩子了解自己的情绪、学习到什么要求是合理的、什么是不合理的、应该如何表达自己的要求。

但愿我们都能在关键的时刻自如开启“情绪的抽离模式”,这个能力真的很重要,可以不让自己的心情卷入别人的情绪旋涡中。

如果一开始觉得很难,随着有意识的“刻意练习”,会越来越容易做到。

不动气,才真的是善待自己,当妈不容易,我们最需要小心呵护自己的情绪。

陪伴高需求宝宝是一个炼炉,最终会把我们打磨成通透的、以柔制刚的、乐观的珍珠妈妈。

请参考她的故事

https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/jgZ942XszBq_ljX1FY0z3Q